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[探索发现] 2016-06-08 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-4

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This pantheon of gods gave people a sense of their place in the universe. But in the exiting times, a few were daring to question religious convention. As a teenager, Socrates sought them out in one of Athens’ most edgy and marginal districts: Keramikos.
For 600 years, this had been Athens’ main burial ground. Come Socrates’ day, and it had evolved into a kind of cosmopolitan suburb of sin. Travelling salesmen plied wares here, along with prostitutes, who offered what were euphemistically known as middle of the day marriages.
Many young Athenians didn’t need to work. There was one slave to every two free citizens. So Socrates had the free time to come here and listen in on theories carried in on the trade routes. He encountered thinkers from eastern Mediterranean, whose ideas had for over a century confronted traditional explanations of the cosmos. What people saw as mysterious and unfathomable, they viewed as rationally ordered, and to some degree, rationally explicable.
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