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[探索发现] 2016-08-03 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-12

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-For him, virtue is knowledge, knowledge of human good. He says this knowledge of human good is going to in some sense save your life. This is really strong language.
-Is that an abstract idea? Or is there something that can plan people's day-to-day lives?
-Oh, no, absolutely. Knowledge of human good is what enables us to make the right, practical decisions in our daily lives, but it's going to look different in different contexts. For instance, if you are in a battlefield, it will manifested itself as courage. If you are sacrificing in a temple, it will look like piety. And it's through those decisions and actions, we are able toa take care of our souls, our most precious possession, on which all our happiness depends.
-But that means that people have real agency, because it seems to be he's saying it's not down to gods to make the world better place. It's down to us.
-Absolutely, Socrates's saying you don't have to depend on the whims and caprices of the gods. It's really about individual enpowerment and responsibility. And furthermore, whereas he inherited tradtion, which said there was one kind of virtue for a man and another for woman; one for, you know, well-born person and another for a slave. He said, "No, it's about knowledge of human good and a universal sense. It's available to everybody." Source relate to ** of him, he brings philosophies down from the heavens and into people's homes and into people's individual homes.
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