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[探索发现] 2016-08-03 BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-12

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2016-08-03  BBC:古代圣贤:苏格拉底 Socrates-12

“For him, virtue is knowledge, knowledge of the human good. He says that this knowledge of the human good is going to in some sense save your life. This is really strong language.”

“But is that abstract idea or is it something that can play out in people’s day-to-day lives?”

“Oh, no, absolutely. Knowledge of the human good is what enables us to make the right practical decisions in our daily lives, but it’s going to look different and different contexts. For instance, if you are in a b__________, it will m_______ itself as courage. If you are s__________ in a t_____, it will look like piety. And it’s through those decisions and actions that we are able to take care of our souls, our most precious possession, on which all our happiness depends.”

“But that means people have real agency because it seems to be that he is saying it’s not down to gods to make the world a better place. It’s down to us.”

“Absolutely. Socrates is saying you don’t have to depend on the w____ and c_______ of the gods. It’s really about individual e__________ and responsibility. And furthermore, whereas he’s inherited tradition which said that there’s one kind of virtue for man and another for a woman, one for, you know, a well-born person and another for a slave. He is saying no. It’s about knowledge of the human good in a universal sense. It’s available to everybody. Socrates relates to

says of him: He brings philosophy down from the heavens and into people’s homes, into people’s individual homes.”

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