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[美国国家公共广播] NPR 2020-10-15 节目音频已修复,欢迎听写!

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[美国国家公共广播] NPR 2020-10-15 节目音频已修复,欢迎听写!

本帖最后由 qingchengshan 于 2020-10-15 08:41 编辑

NPR NEWS 20201015
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1.    The Senate Judiciary Committee conducted another long day of testimony today on the nomination of Judge Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court. She promised to keep an open mind on the Affordable Care Act also known as Obamacare which is scheduled to come before the Court a week after election day.
    NPR's NXX TXX reports. The nominee was also asked of her views on Griswold versus Connecticut格力斯伍德诉康尼狄格州案, a case that is seen as a precursor to Roe versus Wade罗伊诉韦德案 which established to woman's right to an abortion.
    This was 1965. The court ruled that married couples have the right to have and to use contraceptives in the privacy of their homes. And Barrett said that she couldn't imagine such a case coming to the Supreme Court today, but she refused to say as the other republican nominees have before her that there is an inherent right to privacy in the constitution.
    NPR XXX.
    The panel will hear tomorrow from other witnesses both for and against her confirmation. Barrett ___ will not be present.  


2.    The coronavirus pandemic is picking up speed in dozens of US states. The country is now averaging more than 15,000 cases a day. That's close to 10,000 more than just two weeks ago. WXX SXX has more.
    Big outbreaks fanning out across Midwest, especially Wisconsin, and into Western states like Montana, and Utah, are straining hospital. And in Dakotas南北达科塔州, the rate of new infections is now higher than what even Arizona recorded during its huge summer surge of cases. MXX SXX is the Duke Mercle___ Center for Health Policy, she says new infections are climbing in states that had done a good job keeping the virus in check including New England and...
    "We definitely are seeing large shifts. It is starting to show up in hospitalizations."
    New cases have gone up by at least 40% in more than 15 states over the past two weeks.


3.     The White House is thanking Oman and Saudi Arabia for helping to get two Americans out of Yemen, where they had been held by Iranian-backed rebels. Remains of a 3rd person are being repatriated as well.
    NPR's Michelle Keleman reports.
    According to her husband aid worker Sandra Loli was held in Yemen for 16 months, but has now been reunited with her family. She and another American, businessman Mikael Gidada were released from Houthi custody. The Associated Press says this was part of an exchange. Oman's state new agency reports that 250 Yemenis who had received medical treatment in Oman returned to Yemen's capital Sanaa. In a statement National Security Adviser Robert O'brien thanks the leaders of Oman and Saudi Arabia, but doesn't mention any exchange. The Saudis have led a coalition that's been battling Houthi rebels for more than 5 years.


4.    A federal judge in Nashville has ruled today that a Tennessee law requiring a 48-hour waiting period before abortion is unconstitutional. The judge found the 2015 law requiring women to make two trips to abortion clinics places an undue burden on a woman seeking an abortion and the state could not show that the law served a legitimate purpose.


5.    The latest in a series of studies about the work place in Hollywood finds it's full of bullies and filled with power inbolinsis____.
    NPR's MXX DXX reports.
    The Hollywood commission, chaired by AXX HXX, surveyed nearly 10,000 people working in the entertainment industry about intimidating or humiliating work place behaviors, such as insults, sarcasms, gestures, yellings, swiring___, hash criticism and physical aggression人身攻击. One person reported "bullies run rampant and go unchecked and don't get treatment. Women in the survey were twice as likely as men to report abuse of conduct. Workers younger than 40, disabled workers and non-unioned workers say they have of that. So do assistants to writers' rooms and executives. The Hollywood commission says it's now training directors, producers, show runners, casting directors and others to manage bullying.


6.    First Lady Melanie Trump said today her 14-year-old son tested positive for the coronavirus after she and the President tested positive and that he has since tested negative. The First Lady says that Baron Trump exhibited no symptoms of the virus.


注:
美国高法1965年的 Griswold versus Connecticut案:
康涅狄格州1879年通过了一部禁止避孕的法律,将使用、协助使用或鼓励使用“任何避孕药物、医疗产品或器械”的行为视为犯罪。1965年,为挑战该法,康涅狄格州家庭计划委员会主任医生Griswold(格里斯沃尔德)与耶鲁大学医学院教授Buxton(巴克斯顿)先生合伙开了一家专门控制生育的诊所,不久,他们被逮捕,地方法院判他们有罪,并处罚金100美元。两人一路上诉至联邦最高法院。最高法院在判决意见中首次使用了“隐私权”概念,并裁定,自由节育权是公民“隐私权”不可分割的组成部分,是否节育和怀孕完全是公民个人的私事,只要未损害社会的公共利益,政府根本无权干涉。因此,康涅狄格州禁止避孕的法律因违宪而无效。

美国高法1973年的 Roe versus Wade 案:
一位化名杰恩罗伊(Jane Roe)的妇女在主张堕胎合法化的民权人士的支持下向德克萨斯州刑法提出了挑战。德州法官Wade(韦德)曾判Roe败诉。德州刑法规定:除了依照医嘱、为拯救母亲生命而进行堕胎之外,其他一切堕胎均为刑事犯罪。原告罗伊声称:她遭受强奸而怀孕,德州法律禁止堕胎,她又付不起钱到那些可以合法堕胎的州进行手术,故不得不继续妊娠;分娩之后,她将孩子交给了不知身份的人收养。罗伊认为:一个孕妇有权单独决定在什么时间、以什么方式、为何种理由而终止妊娠,德州刑法剥夺了她的选择权,因而违反了联邦宪法。被告德州政府主张:生命始于受孕而存在于整个妊娠期间,因此,在妇女妊娠的全过程,都存在保护生命这一不可抗拒的国家利益;宪法所称之“人”(Person)包含胎儿,非经正当法律程序而剥夺胎儿生命为第14修正案所禁止之行为。案件一直上诉到最高法院。1973年,最高法院裁定,Roe胜诉,Wade败诉,从此使堕胎合法化。但这项争论直到目前仍喋喋不休。

The Pro-Life vs Pro-Choice Debate:反对堕胎与主张堕胎之争:
The terms "pro-life" and "pro-choice" refer to the dominant ideologies concerning abortion rights. Those who are pro-life, a term that some argue is biased because it suggests that the opposition does not value human life, believe that abortion should be banned. Those who are pro-choice support keeping abortion legal and accessible.
In reality, the controversies related to reproductive rights are much more complex. Some people back abortions in certain circumstances and not in others or believe such procedures should be "safe, rare, and legal." Complicating matters is that there's no consensus on when exactly life begins. The shades of gray in the abortion debate are why the reproductive rights discussion is far from simple.
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